Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits
Maize is a widely grown cereal in the Indian subcontinent. Maize also goes by the name corn in the global market. The Indian environment is suitable for growing maize and India is one of the largest producers of maize in the world. It has also become one of the leading exporters of maize in recent years.
The main reasons for the high demand of maize in India and all over the world are:
- It is used as feed for animals or poultry.
- It is also meant for human intake.
Additionally, it also serves as raw material in the production of alcoholic beverages, making of starch, food sweeteners, and also as fuel. The edible corn used widely includes the popcorn and sweet corn variety while starchy, flint or dent type maize is also used as food. The flint variety is used mainly for animal feed purpose only.
Maize is known for its high concentration of starch and its capability of being cultivated in different climates. The yellow maize is commonly used in the preparation of several nutritious and healthy recipes. Maize is a highly popular grain due to its excellent qualities which include
- High nutritive value
- Long shelf life
- Good quality and fresh product.